Biological and Cognitive Development (Rebecca Roney)

From this weeks readings I learned that when parents get divored the children often struggle the most with it for the first two years after the divorce. The reading discussed that divorce is often harder on boys than girls because of the fact that most times mothers get custody of the children and that leaves boys without a male influence (74). I think that students who’s parents are divorced may struggle with day to day life as they may have parents who don’t get along and have parents who complain about their other parent to them.

Another thing I learned is about the kinds of cognitive loads. There is three types of cognitive loads:
1) Intrinsic – unavoidable
2) Extraneous – avoidable
3) Germane – valuable
These three types of can be explained with the example of a classroom. Intrinsic cognitive load can be shown by the example of having to use an equation to solve a problem. Extraneous cognitive load can be explanied as a student sitting by disruptive students and deciding to move. Finally Germane cognitive load can be explained by using previous knowlegde to help with your current topic (270).

One last thing I learned this week is about multitasking. If the student is a good multitasker they may still struggle with the task they are working on if it is a difficult one. If a student is working on a difficult problem and take time to go on their phone they make take longer to get back into their schoolwork (265-266). This one is a big one as most student believe they can do homework while watching tv and then when it comes time to their homework or there is a test they can’t remember what they’re supposed to do.

One connection I make with this weeks reading was the negative impact obesity plays on students lives. Obesity creates a health problems for students and can create negative relationships with their peers and themselves which could lead to eating disorders. Students who are obese may not be able to keep up with their peers leading to them being left behind (69).

Another connection I made was how the types of parenting styles play a role on students success. Students who have parents that support them but also have high expectations often do better in their classes compared to students who have parents who just give support and have no expectations or students who have no support and just high expectations (73).

One question I still have is how can we incorporate a more active lifestyle into our classroom to help our students become healthier.

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